Trans-Oceanic travels of the Sumerians

Just like the idea of Atlantis or Ancient Aliens, the theory of ancient trans-oceanic travel is widely considered “pseudo-scientific”. But the notion that the ancients never once crossed the oceans in the last 200 000 years is seen as “scientific fact” by mainstream journals and press.

Supposedly, anyone who ever came to America went through Alaska (over the Bering Strait)…and yet, Alaska has no archaeological sites that prove massive migration from all over the world. Instead, such evidence can be found among the Aztec, Olmec, Inca and Maya of Central and South America.

The Sumerians are considered the “first high civilization” (I consider them one of the first high civilizations after the Great Flood). They had advanced knowledge of astronomy and built buildings we today would find difficult to emulate – and yet we are meant to believe that they had no abilities to cross the ocean and almost no knowledge of places outside of their native region (today’ Southern Iraq).

There are however vague indicators of very ancient travels of the Sumerians across the ocean in the form of linguistic anomalies, out-of-place-artifacts and strange cultural and mythological connections. The connections are vague because they derive from the post-flood time of about 11 000 to 8000 years ago and much has been lost in the passage of time. It is much easier to look at more recent events from 6000 B.C. onwards. But as vague as they are, the connections are undeniable.

Sumerians and Aztecs

In ancient Sumeria there was a goddess of love and fertility. Her name was Inanna. The Aztec of ancient Mexico had a “Mother Goddess” and she was called “Teteo Innan” . The Aztec “Innan” alone simply means “Mother”.

The Sumerians have the goddess Ishtar. The Aztecs have Iztac (prounounced Ishtac), sometimes also called “Izta” (prounounced Ishta) which is a legendary princess or empress. The Akkadian word is “istar” (venus or lady of venus), from which our modern word “star” originates (in my opinion).

The Sumerian word Malin-Ila means “flower covered goddess”. The Aztec word  Mallin-Ali means “goddess of the grass”. As in many other cases, merely the “a” and the “i” were reversed from the Sumerian original.

It`s impressive that such connections (and there are many more, I presented only three of hundreds of examples here) would survive such a long time. Languages do not normally survive that long. Latin, for example, was the world language only 2000 years ago and is extinct as a common language today.

So what does this mean? Why do Aztec and Sumerian share commonalities in their most important words? One explanation may be “because all languages have a common origin” (the story of the “Tower of Babel” in which the higher-ups  mixed all languages was a post-flood event, supposedly orchestrated because humans were returning back to their harmful pre-flood ways). Or it may be because these gods and goddesses had worldwide influence. Another explanation may be, because there was at one point, trans-oceanic contact between post-flood Sumer and Mexico..

A statue of the Aztec “Goddess Innan”, also known by the name “Toci” as well as “Lady of the Serpent”:

aztec sumerian innan

The Sumerian “Innana” (who was often depicted with serpents, as seen in the second image below):

inanna-and-lion

 

inanna lady of the serpent

 While I have no doubt that all languages have a common origin, I tend to favor the “trans-oceanic contact” explanation because of all the other evidence pointing in that direction.

This is a picture of the so-called “Fuenta Magna Bowl”, a piece of pottery found at Lake Titicaca in Bolivia South America. Its inscriptions are apparently proto-Sumerian:

fuente magna sumerian

If they were in standard Sumerian, the bowl  could be around 5000 years old. But because they are Proto-Sumerian, it is anyones guess how hold the artifact is. When the bowl was first discovered it was dismissed as unimportant because those involved did not recognize the writing.

This is the Pokotia Statue, ascribed to the Inca of Bolivia-Peru. It is inscribed with scripts also associated to Proto-Sumerian:

pokotia

 

sumerian inca

Is this evidence that the Sumerians traveled across Earth all the way to South America? If those two objects were the only evidence, we could dismiss the whole thing as a fluke. But in the context of all other data, it may very well be. And it wouldn’t be that much of a stretch if we simply acknowledge what they themselves wrote: Sumerians said that they sailed the oceans to a “land in the west”, to the “sunset land” and where they found large amounts of Tin at a place called “Lake Manu”. It has been speculated that this “Lake Manu”, far in the west is Lake Titicaca, which is indeed rich in Tin (Tin and Copper are used to make Bronze). The word “Bronze Age” is so called because the people of that time – the Sumerians foremost – used Bronze in all of their tools and weapons. It is therefore not hard to imagine that they would roam the Earth in search of their most precious metal.

The academic response to the artifacts is mixed. Many consider them fake. Some consider them genuine. Yet others say that these are genuine artifacts but “must have” been imported there recently. I’d have no problem accepting that these objects were “planted” recently. The real problem here is the dogmatic insistence that they “must have” been planted “because, as we all know, the ancients could not cross the oceans, and therefore all evidence to the contrary must have other explanations”. The “no ancient crossed the ocean” doctrine is a relic from the dark ages, yet it is still presented as an “irrefutable fact” in mainstream science today.

If we accept that those objects have recently been planted the question arises: Why? With what motive? Some “Skeptics” have asserted that they were put there by Mormons (in support of their teachings in this regard) – but they provide no evidence whatsoever for the claim.

The Fuenta Magna was discovered some time before 1958, by a peasant farmer. It was ignored for 40 years and only came to public attention in 2000, through the documentary movie “Atlantis in the Andes”. I doubt that someone with an Ego big enough to “plant” fake evidence could wait that long before it became public.

And again, if there were otherwise no evidence of the Sumerians having traveled the oceans, these objects could easily be viewed as a hoax. Things that cannot be put into a broader context, can easily be dismissed. But another Sumeria-Bolivia link can be found right on top of Lake Titicaca itself:

The oldest indigenous tribe in the area are called “The Uru People“. This almost extinct group  live directly on Lake Titicaca on self-made floating islands. Their genetic lineage has been shown to be distinct from surrounding indigenous groups including the Incans and other pre-Incans. Accoding to the National Geographic  “New genetic research led by the Genographic Project consortium shows a distinctive ancestry for the Uros populations of Peru and Bolivia that predates the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores and may date back to the earliest settlement of the Altiplano, or high plain, of the central Andes some 3,700 years ago. Despite the fact that the Uros today share many lineages with the surrounding Andean populations, they have maintained their own divergent genetic ancestry”

“Uru” is a Sumerian word and a derivation name of its largest city “Ur”.

The remaining 2000 Uros travel on reed boats that look not only similar but identical to the reed boats used by the Sumerians:

uru sumerian reed boats

 

sumerian titicaca

bolivia sumerian

The ancient reed boats for comparison:

ancient reed ship

 

sumerian reed boats

sumerian reed

The style of boat is most common only in the ancient Middle East (Sumeria, Egypt) and in Bolivia, Peru and the Easter Islands (indicating at least some travel between South America and the Pacific Ocean. If they were able to travel the ocean for 4000 miles from the Islands to Peru, isn’t that enough proof of ancient trans-oceanic travel?). In the Easter Islands, by the way, archaeologists have unearthed the only known boustrophedon script outside of the Ancient Middle East.

Unfortunately the Uru language is nearly extinct with only two speakers of the language remaining. Before they pass away it would be interesting to examine the language for links to Sumerian. It may also be worthwhile to look for genetic links to Southern Iraq.

In a Google-Search I did find this article which claims that there is a genetic link between Sumerians and the people of the Okinawa Islands (Southern Japan). If true, one might speculate on their travel route. If they did reach Japan it cannot be ruled out that they ventured further out into the Pacific, moving from Island to Island until they finally reached the Continent.

In a book called “Atlantis and the Persian Empire” by J.M. Allen, the author says that the ancient structures at Tiahuanaco, Bolivia use the measurement system of Sumerian Cubits. I have not had the time to read the book and examine these claims, but if true, it would make the entire Inca Empire influenced by Sumerians, not just a particular tribe. Their buildings would then have to be viewed in a new light.

Image: “Gate of the Sun”, at Tiahuanaco, showing the globally popular “sun god”:

sumerian gate of the sun

 

I decided to research the Sumarian word “Ur” or “Uru” a little, with interesting results. In ancient India, “Uru” was a trading vessel or boat that was also known to the ancient Arabs. If the Sumerians from Uru were in fact traders who traveled large distances on boats, we can see where this might have its origin.

The country “Uruguay”, derives from the Guarani language of indigenous in Paraguay and means “painted birds floating on a river”. Which is easily another way to describe the Sumerian reeds, many of which had the heads of birds.

Looking for locations and places called Uru, I found one place in Iran and a total of four places in South America. Apart from a town called “Üru” in Estonia, no other locations were found. There is a town called Uru in Brazil (as well as an extinct language called Urumi). Also in northeastern Brazil there is a river called Uru and there is another river by the same name in central Brazil. Furthermore, there is the “Uru Uru” lake in southern Bolivia. You may think I am grasping at straws here, but lingustics are one of the only connections we have to a very ancient past. If the only worldwide occurrences of “Uru” are in Iran, Iraq and South America then that may hint at an ancient link.

Just for fun I ran the word “Ur” through every single language of the Google-Translator and got the following. In Danish it means “Clock”. In Basque it means “water”. In Turkish it means “Product”. The people of Ur having carried products on the water, who knows whether these words go back to Sumer.

Turning back to more concrete evidence let’s look at the Olmec. According to standard History, the Olmec are the oldest or “first major civilization” in the Americas. Some view them as predecessors of the Aztec, Toltec and Maya. Even by themselves, before we go into the Sumerian connection, they are evidence of trans-oceanic contact. Why? Because they mostly had the facial features of Africans. Consider these Olmec statues:

olmec

olmec african sumerian

 

The idea that black Africans crossed the Oceans thousands of years ago is rejected by the “scientific consensus” on the basis that…well, on what basis actually? On the basis that it’s “impossible” to have had trans-oceanic travel? The Encyclopedia page on the “Olmecs from Africa” theory says:

The great majority of scholars who specialise in Mesoamerican history, archaeology and linguistics remain unconvinced by alternative origin speculations.  Many are more critical and regard the promotion of such unfounded theories as a form of ethnocentric racism at the expense of indigenous Americans. The consensus view maintained across publications in peer-reviewed academic journals that are concerned with Mesoamerican and other pre-Columbian research is that the Olmec and their achievements arose from influences and traditions that were wholly indigenous to the region, or at least the New World, and there is no reliable material evidence to suggest otherwise. 

In other words, suggesting that the Olmecs were Africans is considered “racist”, whereas suggesting that Africans were “too primitive” to cross the ocean isn’t? This sounds more like a stance created by Mexican politicians than one based on empirical evidence.

Some researchers go one step further and claims that the Olmec looked the way they looked because they were suffering from “Down-Syndrome”, a genetic disease that leaves people mentally disabled (with an average IQ of 50). So imagine that…this high-culture that were masters of urban planning, created pyramids, sculptures and art were mentally disabled?

Some researchers have noticed how misguided this theory is and have changed the story to the following: “Well, the Olmec themselves did not suffer from Down-Syndrome…rather…they worshiped people with Down-Syndrome!”. I`m not joking. Such is the stuff that some academic journals are made of. You wonder to what absurd lengths people will go to deny ancient trans-oceanic migration.

So what is more fantastic: To think that the Olmecs made Down-Syndrome the center of their art, culture and architecture? Or to think that ancient Africans traveled the Oceans? Not to mention that there is nothing in the art or writing of either the Olmec or the later Toltec and Aztec that references this kind of worship. If the theory is true, where are the texts or pictures showing the worship of down-syndrome?

One of the reasons for the Down-Syndrome theory is that many of the sculptures faces appear to be frowning. Of course there are plenty more that aren’t frowning. Perhaps I am mistaken, but that, in my opinion, ends the theory of the “frowning Down-Syndrome suffering Olmec”:

olmec african

olmec not frowning

 

Moving on to the “Sumerian Connection”: Somewhere along the way, the architectural style of the Aztec, Toltec but especially the Olmec appears to have been influenced from the Sumerian Ziggurat.

The Olmec structure of Mount Alban:

mount alban sumerian ziggurat

 

The Sumerian Ziggurat of Ur:

reconstructed-stairway-of-the-ziggurat-at-ur

 

While not much if known of the Olmec language, the related Toltec called high towers and pyramids Zacuali , a word that vaguely reminiscent of “Ziggurat”. Reversing the “a” and “i”, as previously shown, gives us the word “Zicual”. Yes, this would be a stretch, were it not for legends that go along with these structures and are similar to their Sumerian counterparts:

From the Encyclopedia on the “Tower of Babel” (bolding mine):

Various traditions similar to that of the tower of Babel are found in Central America. Some writers connected the Great Pyramid of Cholula to the Tower of Babel…

…TheDominican friar Diego Duran (1537–1588) reported hearing an account about the pyramid from a hundred-year-old priest at Cholula, shortly after the conquest of Mexico. He wrote that he was told when the light of the sun first appeared upon the land, giants appeared and set off in search of the sun. Not finding it, they built a tower to reach the sky. An angered Lord of the Heavens called upon the inhabitants of the sky who destroyed the tower and scattered its inhabitants. The story was not related to either a flood or the confusion of languages although Frazer connect its construction and the scattering of the giants with the Tower of Babel.

Another story, attributed by the native historian Fernando de Alva Cortés Ixtlilxóchitl (c. 1565 – 1648) to the ancient Toltecs, states that after men had multiplied following a great deluge, they erected a tall zacuali or tower, to preserve themselves in the event of a second deluge. However, their languages were confounded and they went to separate parts of the earth.

Still another story, attributed to the Tohono O’odham Indians, holds that Montezuma escaped a great flood, then became wicked and attempted to build a house reaching to heaven, but the Great Spirit destroyed it with thunderbolts. (Bancroft, vol. 3, p. 76; also in “History of Arizona”.)

According to David Livingstone, the Africans whom he met living near Lake Ngami in 1849 had such a tradition, but with the builders’ heads getting “cracked by the fall of the scaffolding”

In his 1918 book, Folklore in the Old Testament, Scottish social anthropologist Sir James George Frazer documented similarities between Old Testament stories, such as the Flood, and indigenous legends around the world. He identified Livingston’s account with a tale found in Lozi mythology, wherein the wicked men build a tower of masts to pursue the Creator-God, Nyambe, who has fled to Heaven on a spider-web, but the men perish when the masts collapse. He further relates similar tales of the Ashanti that substitute a pile of porridge pestles for the masts. Frazer moreover cites such legends found among the Kongo people, as well as in Tanzania, where the men stack poles or trees in a failed attempt to reach the moon.  

In other words, the same story is related by the Sumerians, the Central Americans and a few African Tribes…which may very well be related to the Olmec.