The Basques

Excerpt from Chapter 4c of the book “Atlantis and the Garden of Eden”. Coypright Frederick Dodson.

4c The Basques

In ancient Spain and southern France we find the Basques, who still exist to this modern day, and the “Iberians” who are extinct.

“Iberian” is a term for various ancient peoples inhabiting what is today known as Spain and Portugal. The origins of the Iberians and their culture, symbols and language is not clear, other than that they were traders and seafarers who had extensive contact with North Africa, Italy, France and Greece. Iberian is an extinct language and claimed to be a “language isolate.” However, vague crossovers to the Messapian language of southern Italy, as well as to Basque and Berber have been found. Iberian settlements go back 7,000 years. As you may have noticed, for this book, the focus is not put into just ancient history but rather very ancient history. When a culture goes back 7,000 to 12,000 years, they become appropriate candidates for Atlantis-research.

The Iberians may or may not be related to the Basques, but the little that is known about them in the form of symbols, writings and sculptures appears thoroughly Atlantean (i.e. matriarchy, goddess worship, seafaring, the double-headed-axe, etc.)

The Basques’ country is in northern Spain and southern France and Basques like the Iberians, have been there for at least 7,000 years. As their language is not related to any other Indo-European language and their genetics are fairly unique, the Basques are often referred to as “mysterious” people. In my view, they may linguistically be the closest to Atlantis. In old times, the Basque society was matriarchal. Many of the Basque legends of the old days speak of the existence of “giants,” called jentil in Basque, a word that seems to have similarity with the Hebrew word “gentile” (non-Jew) as well as with the word “giant” itself. This is highly fascinating as the Hebrew “gentile” may be referring to the same thing. Hebrew tradition considers the “giants” the offspring of sinful activity. According to the Basques, the giants were a race of very tall people who built various megalithic stone structures. In their later days, these giants became “wild men” of the forests. The theme of giants having built the megalithic structures (the most famous being Stonehenge) is universally shared across the globe.

The Basques have the highest worldwide proportion of the Rh blood type. Due to this, some genetic research again purports that there is a link to Anatolia.

Their language is also called a “language isolate” because it is supposedly not similar to any other language and its origins are unknown. The same is said of their culture. However, to me it is not as “isolate” as generally assumed. Their culture is thoroughly Atlantean and has similarities to Iberian, which is no surprise considering the geographical proximity. There are also some overlaps with the original Berber language of Northwest Africa. What is most significant though is the overlap of the Basque language to the (now extinct) Nahuatl language of the Aztecs. When you hear Nahuatl, Iberian and Basque spoken you will actually hear the relation. The three languages are especially unique in their frequent use of the sound and letter “x”.

 Lady of Elx


The image above is an Iberian sculpture dated to the fourth century B.C., called “The Lady of Elx.” Locals refer to her as “The Goddess of Atlantis” because they intuitively feel that both the Iberian and the Basque people may have originated in that sunken land. If archaeologists and histories have ‘great difficulty’ tracing the origin of these peoples, perhaps that’s because their land no longer exists. The Basque people also worshipped a Goddess as their main deity. They called her “Mari.” Basque legend connects her to storms, rain and water. The Basque word A-mari means “mother.” Basque mythology says she was married to a male serpent called Sugaar (“Su” meaning fire in Basque, and curiously meaning water in Turkish). The same constellation and talks of “feathered serpents” can be found among the Maya and the Aztecs, on the other side of the Ocean. In fact, the ancient Basques also referred to their main goddess as “Maya.” In Greek mythology, Maya is the daughter of Atlas. And it is perhaps no coincidence that the Spanish “mar” refers to the sea and the ocean. There is a definite genetic, linguistic and mythological link to the Mayas of northern South America.

But it gets even more interesting. In the 17th and 18th centuries, there were theologians who claimed that the Basque language “is the original language of the Garden of Eden.” Their reasoning was that numerous words of the Hebrew Genesis story were similar to their Basque equivalents. These theologians were eventually ridiculed into silence. But if the Garden of Eden is indeed Atlantis, then this idea may not be so far-fetched. Especially considering that the Basques themselves have legends about Atlantis. One of the legends says they come from a place called “The Green Isle” which sank into the sea and from which they escaped to their present day location.

Another oddity is the claim that some linguistic similarities have been found with the Georgian language (Georgia is only a few hours’ drive from Mount Ararat in Turkey). Similarities in several hundred words have also been found with the Japanese language, some very distantly to Hebrew and others, rather oddly, to a native tribe in northern Guatemala (who happen to be descendants of the Maya).  The fact that traces of this language are dispersed so far over the globe is my reason to believe it is among the most ancient.

A prominent character in Basque mythology is an evil “seven-headed dragon” named Herensuge. The multi-headed reptile is not an unknown figure across the globe. It has been found among the Aztecs and even as far as ancient Burma. Another strange commonality the Basques have with ancient American cultures is the habit of counting in twenties instead of tens. And yet another resemblance lies in the Mayan ball game called pok-a-pok which involves a basket tied to an arm. It is identical to a Basque game called Jai-a-Lai and is only known in Basque country and among the Mayans. The Basque word Atalaya refers to human settlements and stone circles. It also refers to a region in Peru and an ancient Mayan site in Guatemala. If you refer to the map of the Atlantic Ridge previously shown, you will see that Atlantis may have stretched all the way down to a place in the Ocean that is not that far away from Guatemala. It would appear that this is where one of the first surviving groups of Atlantis arrived.

Goddess Mari had two sons, one of which was called Atxular. According to their mythology, the chromlecs (megalithic stone circles) were built by Mairuak (singular: Mairu). They are described as giants and “male nymphs” or “people from the sea.” The “divine bull” is called Aatxe.

Basque mythology features a number of interesting beliefs that can be found in ancient animistic traditions globally. Some Basque tales are so dark and horrible that one can’t help but associate them with the dark days of Atlantis shortly before its fall. Adur is the name of the energy that unites all real objects. All objects of reality are connected to each other. Adur also links an object to its name, image and symbol. So if you want to affect an object or a person positively or negatively, you can use its name or another object that represents it, such as a picture or puppet. The Basques say that “everything that has a name, really exists.” Betadur (bet-Adur) refers to the energy of the eyes and how ones glance can affect other people. Similar legends of the “evil eye” can be found in the Mideast. The ancient Basques believed that caves led to dwellings and cities beneath the Earth, that the subterranean is populated by little people, wild men, giants and fiery dragons. They believed that good and evil spirits are all around and that evil spirits can enter a human body and take possession of it or send depression, illness and melancholy. Their mythology is full of ghastly creatures. One of them, called “Tartaro,” is similar to the “Cyclops” of Greek Mythology. It is a giant with one eye in the middle of his forehead. Tartaro is sometimes described as a kind of deformed and dumb human-animal mix who, despite his strength, is usually outwitted by humans. As we will later see, the Cyclops, like the Gorgon and the Serpent, is another creature that is found among almost all Atlantean descendants. A faint memory of Atlantis may lie in the fact that the Ocean is associated with an evil female being called Itsaso.

It is said that treasures from ‘a long time ago’ were preserved in caves and have yet to be discovered by modern humans (something that the Berbers of North Africa also say). Caves are the entry points to subterranean dwellings and cities. At one time ‘long ago’, people fled into caves and subterranean worlds to escape some cataclysmic event. In coastal regions are to be found women whose lower part of their bodies have the shape of a fish (nymphs in Greek Mythology). Their home is in both the water and the caves. Many of the cave paintings found in the region display bulls.

The Basques follow many traditions and rituals that would today be described as pagan, such as ‘beating the Yule log’ or solstice celebrations, carnivals, witches’ practices, and casting spells, but it is entirely unclear whether these are borrowed from surrounding cultures or inherited from Basque lineage. Goddess Mari flies the skies in a ‘flaming chariot’, which may indicate either a supernatural appearance or some type of aircraft.