Epic science-“fiction” in ancient texts

Back in grade school I learned that “prehistory” consisted of a few figures wearing nothing but loincloths and throwing spears at wild animals. My impressionable young mind was brainwashed to believe that prehistory held nothing more interesting.

But the people living thousands of years ago had a different understanding of their prehistory (which is also our prehistory, but they were closer to it). And they didn’t call it Prehistory or Mythology, they just called it History.

Ancient texts in general and the Epic Mahabharata in specific describe things that resemble space-age science-fiction more than anything else.

1. Skyscraper Cities

The Mahabarata tells of the super-ancient city of Dvaraka, a metropolis full of houses that were arranged in lines and had high buildings made of gold which “almost touched the sky” (in our words: Skyscrapers) and “could be seen everywhere, like clouds”. The city was rich and studded with gems. It was surrounded by walls and had four main gates. It was “measured by the Brahmanas” and “squared like a chess-board”. Dvaraka was the hometown of lord Krishna and it lie on an Island in the middle of the Ocean.

What became of Dvaraka? The ancients say it was submerged by the ocean in a great flood.

Another mythological city was Tripura. That’s a Sanskrit word andj means “Triple City” (Greek: Tripolis). Quoted text:

Tripura  meaning three cities, was constructed by the great Asura architect Mayasura. They were great cities of prosperity, power and dominance over the world, but due to their impious nature, Maya’s cities were destroyed by god Tripurantaka, an aspect of Shiva. The three cities were made of iron, silver and gold and were located on earth, in the sky and in heaven, respectively.

The three cities which comprised Tripura were distributed thus:

  • The lowest, with walls of Iron, located on earth,
  • The second, with walls of silver, located in the sky, and
  • The third, with walls of gold, located in heaven.

The three cities were mobile and moved in such a way that they would never be in a single line, save for a few moments in around a thousand years, when the Nakshatra Pushya would be in conjunction with the moon. They were thus reassured that they were quite safe, as it would be an extremely difficult task to destroy the three cities, which aligned only momentarily, by a single arrow.

Asuras from everywhere began to flock to Tripura to live. The cities were extremely luxurious and prosperous.

With that kind of History is it any surprise that the Hindus have, for thousands of years been emulating the skyscrapers of their ancestors?

ancient hindu skyscrapers

Even some of the more recent ancient sites of India would still look good in any sci-fi movie set:

ellora caves technology alien


Are the historic sites based upon older, even more impressive pre-historic architecture? The texts say they are.

Another super-advanced city of central importance was Hastinapura, also called “the city of pillars” and “city of nagas” (Nagas are shapeshifting serpent-gods). Krishnas empire fell through the great war between the moon-gods and sun-gods (which are precisely the two factions found in all other origins myths around the globe).

“Yes, but if these cities were so grand and impressive, why can’t we find evidence of them today?” you might ask. But the ancients answer that too: They were destroyed by fire, by floods, by gods in battle. Some of the structures withered away. The events referred to in the Mahabharata do not date back a few thousands of years (as some claim), they go back tens of thousands of years. If there were a world war and New York City were abandoned today, how much of it would be left of it in a hundred years? And in a thousand? And in ten thousand? And twenty thousand? As impressive as its skyscrapers are you wouldn’t find a shred of evidence that they ever existed. What you would find is some of the gold stored in the banks. Gold doesn’t corrode. The same applies to Chromium and Platinum. So, apart from that,  you would have to rely on the vague stories passed down through generations. In some areas of the world (such as Cuzco, Peru) earthquake-proof buildings were made by interlocking stones in a peculiar way. They have survived time and stand as living proof that more went on than we give credit for.

2. Ancient Aircraft

The Mahabharata and Ramayana not only expound on super-advanced cities but also the flying machines to go along with it. The aircraft were called “Vimana” and they were piloted by the”the gods”. The Encyclopedia calls them “mythical self-moving aerial cars”. The ancients say “strong and durable must the body of the Vimana be made, like a great flying bird of light metal”.

vimana aliens


“…driven by Matali, that blazing vimana, suddenly illuminating the sky, looked like smokeless flaming tongues of fire, or a mighty meteor embosomed in clouds..”

The very first mention of flying vehicles comes from the Ramayana. It is this verse:

The Pushpaka (flowery) Vimana that resembles the Sun and belongs to my brother was brought by the powerful Ravana; that aerial and excellent Vimana going everywhere at will … that chariot resembling a bright cloud in the sky … and the King [Rama] got in, and the excellent chariot at the command of the Raghira, rose up into the higher atmosphere.’

As would be expected of aircraft, they even had proper airports. Quoted from the Vana Parva section of the Mahabharata:

And having beheld those celestial gardens resounding with celestial music, the strong-armed son of Pandu entered the favourite city of Indra. And he beheld there celestial vimanas by thousands, capable of going everywhere at will, stationed in proper places. And he saw tens of thousands of such vehicles moving in every direction”

Those who flew the aircraft and waged wars against each other were the incarnate gods. The incarnate gods differ from the non-incarnate ones in that they were physical. Today we would call them astronauts or extraterrestrials.

A note for researchers: When looking up Vimana aircraft, go straight for the ancient Sources. Disregard the 19th Century channelled text “Vaimanika Shastra”. It is that text that skeptics keep using to “debunk” the notion of ancient aircraft because it is full of technical errors and was written much more recently. Such dubious texts are not needed to make a case for Vimana. The ancient sources already tell the whole story, including the construction and piloting of Vinamas.

Image: A “flying palace” of the gods, Ellora Caves, India:

vimana aircraft ellora

3. Ancient Nuclear War

The Mahabharata tells of the “war of the gods”, nuclear warfare, gigantic floods and more. Consider this:

“Gurkha, flying a swift and powerful vimana
hurled a single projectile charged with the power
of the Universe. An incandescent column of
smoke and flame, as bright as ten thousand suns, rose with
all its splendor.

It was an unknown weapon, an iron thunderbolt, a gigantic
messenger of death, which reduced to ashes the entire race
of the Vrishnis and the Andhakas.

The corpses were so burned as to be unrecognizable.
Hair and nails fell out; Pottery broke without apparent cause,
and the birds turned white.

…After a few hours all foodstuffs were infected…
…to escape from this fire the soldiers threw
themselves in streams to wash themselves and their

– The Mahabharata

If this isn’t an accurate description of nuclear attack and subsequent fallout, I don’t know what is.

Skeptics continue to maintain that these are just delusional ramblings of opium-smoking cavemen. They say that just like we write science fiction today, so the ancients did. We call their science-fiction mythology.

But there is a flaw in that explanation: Modern science-fiction is based on realities we know. We know air-flight, so our imagination extrapolates space-flight. Now we know space-flight so imagination extrapolates interdimensional-flight. Everything human beings write down is based on known reference-points. At the time the Mahabharata was supposedly written (approximately 2500 years ago), there were no reference points for aircraft, space-craft, nuclear war, skyscrapers, etc. Hence, none of the actual fiction of the last  few thousands of years (and even less of the non-fiction) contains any such references or stories. Science-Fiction requires a sufficiently advanced society before it can be written and appreciated. The only places we find space-age writing is in reference to that prehistoric “mythological age” that was life more than ten thousand years ago. And then earth was destroyed by a world-spanning flood and that standard was lost.

In this our 21st Century we are slowly but surely returning to those technological standards. The difference to back then is that we are doing it on our own, without intervention from the “gods”. In my view, that was the plan all along. “Let’s see if humans can be left on their own and reach a high point of advancement without completely destroying themselves in the process”. The jury is still out on whether we are able to do that. With greater capability comes greater responsibility. Time will tell whether we use our capability to destroy or to create.

Part of the solution to not repeating the mistakes of the past is to find out what the past really was. Unfortunately, our official version of History sounds something like this:

The Stone Age is a broad prehistoric period during which stone was widely used to make implements with a sharp edge, a point, or a percussion surface. The period lasted roughly 3.4 million years, and ended between 6000 BCE and 2000 BCE with the advent of metalworking.  Stone Age artifacts include tools used by humans and by their predecessor species in the genus Homo, as well as the earlier partly contemporaneous genera Australopithecus and Paranthropus. Bone tools were used during this period as well but are rarely preserved in the archaeological record. The Stone Age is further subdivided by the types of stone tools in use.

According to this, it took us 3.4 Million years to develop metal tools. I have my doubts that even the most dense among us would need that long to carve a little tool. The alternative possibility: After tens of thousands of years metal tools simply fade away whereas stones remain. That’s why stone tools can be found but no metal ones (at least not at accessible layers).

I am meant to believe that a species called “Dinosaurs” died out 70 Million years ago and that civilization started just 6000 years ago with ancient Sumer (who, for some strange reason also told sci-fi-like stories of flying gods, planets, aircraft, etc.). The very least they could do is update their books on the “start” of civilization (at least 10 000 B.C.). The official dates for metalworking need to be dated further back too (according to latest evidence). Official school books sometimes lag behind for decades before they are updated. In every instance I have looked into the status quo of historcial and archaeological research, I have found countless contradictions. For example, the same source I quoted above, contradicts itself on the “6000 B.C.” start for metalworking here:

The oldest archaeological evidence of copper mining and working was the discovery of a copper pendant in northern Iraq from 8,700 BCE

It is little things like this that show you that the writers of these “official versions” of History really have no idea what they’re talking about.. Their dates are often wild guesses that are contradicted by new finds every few years.Of course, if the ancients were right about our prehistory, then simply updating our books won’t suffice. They`ll have to be rethought and rewritten in their entirety.

4. The Battles of Gesar

The “Epic of Gesar” is a collection of ancient Asian scriptures transcribed from older scripts and oral tales about the king and hero Gesar. I am citing it because it is less known in the west but contains just as much science-fiction as the other writings. There are Tibetan, Mongolian and Chinese versions of the Epic, which consists of approximately 120 volumes made up of more than one million verses.The Tibetan “Gesar” or the Mongolian “Kesar” means “King” which I would assume is the origin of the Latin word Caesar. Asian tradition views Gesar, who predates Buddhism, as a real, historical figure that lived in a time too far back to remember. He originated from the “Kingdom of Ling” which means “Island” (and in Sanskrit means “Continent”).

In the west, the epics are “widely considered works of fiction”. However, the stories are told in many variations from Southeastern Russia to Bhutan and have been passed down as History until the now prevailing mindset began contaminating minds. There is one main reason mainstream thought calls the stories “fiction”: It’s characters fly around in aircraft, land on earth and take off again for the stars. They reference a time in which the world fell into chaos and greedy rulers wreaked havoc. A time when everything was overrun by cannibalistic goblins and giants. Gesar and friends, of which the texts explicitly say they “came from the milky way”, land with their aircraft on earth to clean up the mess. In the first chapter of the Mongolian translation alone, the origins of the “gods” in the “milky way” are referenced several times. What’s more is that the word “gods” is a western mistranslation. The correct translation would be “sky people”.

Gesar is related to “the old Hawk” and the “Great Lion”. He is also called the “Dragon Slayer” and an enemy of a beast called “the sun-eater”. If any of this sounds familiar to you, that’s because it has parallels in the ancient west. The Hawk (such as the Egyptian Horus) and Lion are known in western traditions as adversaries of the “old serpent”.

(text in italics are taken directly from the Epic)

In the beginning it is said that the world “did not differentiate between different colors“, meaning that it was non-dualistic. Earth was in a paradise-like state. These were the times in which “the gods (sky-people) did not fight against each other”.  The sky-gods and their aircraft are presented as an assortment of flying animals such as “hawks”, “horses”, “bulls” and “serpents”. Throughout the text however, there are many indications that these are not actually “animals”. For one, they can fly. Secondly, they are mostly described as silver and having either golden or silver inscriptions. It is told of how these silver “animals” were boarded, how they took off and landed and how they fly “high in the still heavens” with “the power of a tornado” . Some of them flew were the sky is “still”, others were able to fly all the way to the moon or the milky way. Their mission was to “watch the earth below” so that things didn’t get out of hand – which unfortunately they did once the “gods” themselves started engaging in war among each other. These “flying animals” are said many times explicitly said to have “traveled between heaven and earth“, to “fly beyond the sun” and shoot “arrows white as stars”. Obviously, those who wrote down the events did not share our word for “laser-beams” so an “arrow of white light” is the next best way to put into words what they saw. Their aircraft was continually “shooting down evil things” and “sending arrows after hostile things“. In several verses of the first chapter of the Epics, one aircraft is going after a “giant lark” that has “golden writing on its back“. It is “shot down without killing it” by “shooting it through the hole of the wing bone”. If it were an actual “lark” we are talking about, would it really be necessary to dramatize it in several paragraphs? And is there any “lark” that has golden writing on its back or that can be shot down without killing it? Clearly, “giant lark” doesn’t describe a bird or any other animal but rather some type of aircraft. The “giant lark” being shot, it was “whistling through the air like an arrow, making a noise like a falling rock” and it was “thrown down to earth, where it became stuck in the ground“.

The dwellings of the gods on earth and “in the high heavens” are described as silver, pearly and granite. In other words, a mix of stone, metals and gems (which would, at the very least, indicate prehistoric knowledge of metalworking).

When the war of the gods commenced, some of them “came down from the milky way“. The gods “started fighting in the heights of the heavens and battling on the wide expanse of the earth”. “The serene high heavens became dusky, on the broad earth it became completely dark” while the sky-people “hit each other again and again” and “spilled each others blood” (because these are in fact not “supernatural beings” but people with flesh and bones) while the “sound of flying spears was answered by the whistle of arrows”. “The eastern heavens quaked.Lightning flashed like fire,The earth was trembling”. Aircraft were sent “flying noisily down to earth” and “crashing into the ground”. A little later the text describes chemical pollution as a result of a downed aircraft. One crashed object “began to burn and become infested with maggots. A vapor rose to the heavens. On the broad earth it spread and became disease”. 

After some time of warring, a conference between the gods is held…on the moon! An offer is made for a “meeting on the moon” to reach a “wise decision”. At the moon-conference the gods, said to have “dark black eyes” are gathered at a “colorful golden table“. A proposal for intervention is made, to which another of the sky-people objects: “If we go down to the earth, we cannot return from there, we cannot go back to the sky. Becoming polluted we become mortal and will not be able to go back home!”

I admit that I haven’t personally read more than 1% of the whole story. But even only these excerpts are enough to make a point. The reason I won’t read the rest of the story? Because I’ve already read it in the Sumerian, Mayan, Egyptian, Abrahamic and other versions and perspectives.